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AZ Loco News

  • How to add a language to Lubuntu.

    If you right click the little flag or two letter county code on the right side of the LXPanel, you will get a menu. Choose “Keyboard Layout Handler” settings. On the right side of the window that just came up, navigate to “Keep system layouts” under “Advanced setxkbmap Options” and uncheck it. The “Keyboard Layouts” section of the window will become editable after that. Choose “+ Add” and a list of keyboard layouts will become visible. Choose the one that you want. It will appear under your default layout. Before you close the window, you must re-check “Keep system layouts”.
    You have to have the language pack installed for the language that you just added. You do that by going to Menu->Preferences->Language Support. Choose Install/Remove Languages. Select your language and then Apply Changes. You do have to reboot for the changes to take effect and the download and installation of some languages may take a while.

    Tags: 
  • I'm writing this in November of 2014. Since UEFI and secure boot are still fairly new, it could very well be that what I'm writing now is more or less obsolete even a short while from now.
    To my recollection both of the systems had Windows 8 (and not Windows 8.1)

    The two systems on which I made this work was

    • A Gateway NV52L15U laptop
    • An HP Pavillion TS 15 Notebook. Windows 8, Insyde Bios V F.34

    Step By Step Instructions

    I presume here that you have a system with Windows 8 already installed, your PC uses UEFI and secure boot. If any of this is not true, you might find easier solutions than what I'm doing here

    1. Install Ubuntu 14.04
      I did this from a DVD. It should also work from a live USB, but if you have more esoteric ways of installing (like multisystem for example), secure boot will probably make that impossible.
      After the install I saw various behaviours. The ones I remember are these:
      • The pc boots into the GRUB menu, and selecting Ubuntu works fine.
      • Selecting Windows fails with a message that a file couldn't be loaded
      • I can get to the "Bios" boot selection prompt and select either Windows or Ubuntu and they both start fine
      • The very first boot into Windows after the install somehow "reverts" the startup behavior back to a direct Windows boot (Grub isn't displayed). But usually when you get into the "bios" boot selection menu, you can still get to the Ubuntu install.
    2. Boot into Ubuntu and type these commands
      wget http://www.codon.org.uk/~mjg59/shim-signed/shim-signed-0.2.tgz
      tar -xpzf shim-signed-0.2.tgz
      cd shim-signed/
      sudo mkdir /boot/efi/EFI/refind
      sudo cp * /boot/efi/EFI/refind/.
    3. In Ubuntu, visit the following site: http://www.rodsbooks.com/refind/secureboot.html and download the refind-bin-0.8.3.zip. It should end up in your Download folder
      unzip the file refind-bin-0.8.3.zip
    4. type these commands
      cd refind-bin-0.8.3/
      sudo ./install.sh --shim /boot/efi/EFI/refind/shim.efi
      sudo cp keys/refind.cer /boot/efi/EFI/refind/.
      sudo cp keys/canonical-uefi-ca.der /boot/efi/EFI/refind/.

      sudo reboot

    5. at that point you should boot into the rEFInd boot screen. When there, enroll the following keys (see http://www.rodsbooks.com/refind/secureboot.html, section on enroll key from disk for details)
      refind.cer
      canonical-uefi-ca.der
    6. go back to the rEFInd main screen, and boot into windows.
    7. In Windows get a command window with admin privileges and type these commands
      mountvol s: /s
      bcdedit /set {bootmgr} path \EFI\refind\shim.efi

    Note that the uEFInd screen shows the grub as a boot option. You don't really need that one. To get rid of it, boot into Linux, and remove the folder /boot/efi/EFI/ubuntu.

    That did the trick for me.

    Attribution:
    I spent lots of hours trying to understand all this. The most help for me was the refind web site maintained by by Roderick W. Smith. http://www.rodsbooks.com/refind/secureboot.html

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